Ruthenium single crystal 44Ru101.07
Ruthenium was discovered in 1808 by J.A. Sniadecki at the University of Vilno, Poland. Rediscovered in 1828 by G.W. Osann at the University of Tartu, Russia.
[Latin: ruthenia = Russia]
Description: Ruthenium is a lustrous, silvery metal of the so-called platinum group. It is unaffected by air, water and acids, but dissolves in molten alkalis. Ruthenium is used to harden platinum an palladium metals, and as a catalyst.
|Metal single crystal properties|
|Production method:||Floating zone|
|Standard size:||diameter 6-8mm
|Orientation:||(0001), (+1-100) and (11-20)|
|Orientation accuracy:||<2°, <1°, <0.5° or <0.1°|
|Polishing:||as cut, one or two sides polished|
|Roughness of surface:||<0.03µm|
|Typical analysis (ppm):||Ag < 1
Mn < 1